Winsor & Newton Cotman Watercolor - Cadmium Red Deep Hue, 21 ml tube

Item #:00325-3322
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Cadmium Red Deep Hue
Cadmium Red Deep Hue
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AP Non-Toxic.

Products bearing the AP seal of the Art & Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (ACMI) are certified non-toxic. A product can be certified non-toxic only if it contains no materials in sufficient quantities to be toxic or injurious to humans, or to cause acute or chronic health problems.

Product Details

Color:
Cadmium Red Deep Hue
Description:
Cotman Watercolors
Size:
21 ml (.71 oz)
No.
098

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PR188 -Naphthol Red

PR254-Pyrrole Red


Pigment Name

PR188 -Naphthol Red

Pigment Type

organic monoazo

Chemical Formula

C33H24Cl2N2O6

Properties

This Naphthol Red is yellowish, with a high tinting strength and average drying time. It produces warmer shades and tints.

Permanence

This Naphthol Red has excellent lightfastness, though it is generally not considered adequate for exterior use.

Toxicity

Naphthol Reds are not considered toxic. They may cause eye, skin, or respiratory irritation. Contact with dry pigment should be avoided.

History

Naphthol pigments are actually dyes that are "laked" to form pigments. First developed by the German chemical company Hoechst A.G. before World War I, their use in artist paints began in the 1920s.


Pigment Name

PR254-Pyrrole Red

Pigment Type

organic, aminoketone

Chemical Name

Bis-(p-chrolopheny)-1. 4-diketopyrrolo(3. 4-c)pyrrole

Chemical Formula

Properties

Pyrrole Red is opaque and has strong covering power. According to manufacturer Ciba, which uses the trade name Irgazin Red, it is a “clean, highly saturated mid shade red with high temperature resistance, excellent color strength, outstanding chemical, solvent and bleed resistance, and good weatherfastness.”

Permanence

Pyrrole Red is considered to have excellent lightfastness among organic pigments in its class. Tests in industrial applications have given it scores of 7-8 on the Blue Wool Scale.

Toxicity

According to the Australian government's Ministry on Health and Aging, "The notified chemical exhibited low oral and dermal toxicity in rats, did not exhibit toxic effects when administered orally to rats for 28 days, was not a skin irritant in rabbi

History

Pyrrole Red, used as an automotive paint and as a colorant in plastics, was developed as one of a range of pigments to replace lead based pigments. In art materials, it is often used as a synthetic and lightfast replacement for carmine, a laked pigment that was originally produced from the body of the cochineal insect. It is also used to replace the older naphthol reds, organic red pigments that are sometimes only marginally lightfast and weatherfast.


Safety Data Sheet