This color contains the following pigments:
Titanium White is the most brilliant of the white pigments. It is considered an all purpose oil color useful in all techniques and the best all around white. Its masstone is neither warm nor cool, placing it somewhere between Lead White and Zinc White. It is less prone to cracking and yellowing than Lead White, but it still yellows easily. Titanium White dries slowly in oil form, more slowly than Lead White but more quickly than Zinc White. It is opaque in oil and acrylic forms and semi-opaque in watercolor form. This pigment has good chemical stability, and its tinting strength is superior to both Lead White and Zinc White.
Titanium White has excellent permanence and lightfastness.
Titanium dioxide is highly stable and is regarded as completely non-toxic. Animal studies give no indiciation that it is absorbed biologically, even after long periods of exposure. The primary safety concern is with inhalation of fine pigment dust particl
Titanium is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, however mineral deposits that are economical to mine are less common. Titanium dioxide was first discovered in 1821, although it could not be mass produced until 1919. Widespread use of the pigment began in the 1940s. Since that time, it has become the most commonly used white pigment. The name comes from the Latin word Titan, the name for the elder brother of Kronos and ancestor of the Titans, and from the Greek word tito, meaning day or sun.
C18H12N2O6, calcium salt
Lithol Rubine (PR57:1) is a deep transparent red dye, generally slightly bluish, that is laked as a salt with sodium or calcium to form a pigment. PR57 is the sodium salt, and has a more bluish tone. PR57:1 is the calcium salt, and is the most widely used. Lithol Rubine makes clean pinks when tinted. Sources vary greatly in hue and transparency. Lithol Rubine has high tinting strength.
Lightfastness is considered only fair to good. Superior products are available when lightfastness is paramount. Where greater lightfastness is needed in process color printing, the more expensive pigment PR184, a Naphthol AS pigment, is often substituted for Lithol Rubine.
Lithol Rubine is not considered toxic. It is used in food, drugs, and cosmetics. Pink lipstick is often manufactured with pigment PR57:1. Lithol Rubine can be used in art materials intended for children.
Lithol Rubine pigments (especially the calcium salt PR57:1) are widely used in inks, paints, plastics, and textiles. Lithol Rubine is widely used as magenta in process color printing.