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Castles Lesson Plan

Lesson Plans

After the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century, Europe underwent a series of cultural changes that lasted a thousand years. This period of time has come be known as "Medieval" or the "Middle Ages." It was time of knights, battles, and castles. The romanticism of the period is manifest in the literature, the history, and the number and variety of castles that sprung up like wild flowers in a field all across Europe. Castles, and the remains of them, still dot the European landscape and remind us of a time when chivalry , gallantry, and courage were the order of the day.


Grade Level

Elementary through Junior High


Time Required

Two to five class period (45 - 60 minutes a period)



To develop promote an awareness of history, and geometry. The explanation behind the project is a great way to get students interested in history. And the skills developed in creating the castles will help build an appreciation of spacial relationships.



Discuss castle construction. As examples, use an assortment of visual images from books or pictures collected from the school library. Some items of castle construction include battlements, towers, gates, projections, flags, banners, arrow slits, and landscaping. Details include brick, stone, and wood. The finished castles will form a Medieval diorama.

  1. Fold one sheet of construction paper in half horizontally.
  2. Sketch a series of battlements (open spaces at the top of a wall) horizontally from the fold about half way across the folded sheet. Then cut along the sketched lines.
  3. Bend back and crease the paper from the end of the cut line to the bottom of the sheet.
  4. Open the sheet and lay it flat. Pull the "castle" upward reversing the folds. The castle should protrude from the sheet forming a central tower.
  5. Other details can be added by closing the sheet and cutting more towers along the new folds of the central tower.



Teacher reviews each student's work to verify that each project meets with the minimum lesson requirements.

  1. The castle opens up correctly.
  2. The folding and placement of windows, walls, and doors makes sense.
  3. Check craftsmanship, quality and neatness of construction.


Extended Lesson

At this point, elementary students can decorate the castles with markers. Students can imply stone, brick, or block construction on the surface of the central tower and background details on the area behind.

Junior high students can develop more detailed designs. Increase the level of difficulty and challenge by having them cut the castles from the background paper. Leave a flange along the sides of each tower that will be folded under and used to glue the castle onto another color of folded contruction paper. Details can me added with colored markers and cut out colored paper shapes. Colored paper pennants wrapped around tooth picks form banners. Background details can include trees, hills, mountains, sky, clouds, etc.

The finished castles are displayed standing upright. Ground details in front of the castles can enhance the presentation (stone walks, draw bridges, moats ,etc.).


Castles Lesson Plan



1. 9" × 12" sheets of construction paper of several colors per student.

Construction Paper

2. Glues .


3. Markers .


4. Scissors, Trimmers, and Shears .




Info and Ideas  >  2003 Lesson Plans

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