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Shiva Casein Colors - Permanent Green Light, 37 ml tube

Item #:00902-7433
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Shiva Casein Colors - Permanent Green Light, 37 ml tube
Shiva Casein Colors - Permanent Green Light, 37 ml tube
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CL Cautionary Label.

Products bearing the CL seal of the Art & Creative Materials Institute ("Caution Label") contain ingredients that are toxic or hazardous, but when used in properly supervised and controlled conditions, they can be enjoyed with complete safety.

Product Details

Color:
Permanent Green Light
Size:
37 ml
Format:
Tube
No.
64

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PG7-Phthalo Green

PY35:1-Cadmium-Barium Yellow

PY3-Hansa Yellow 10G


Pigment Name

PG7-Phthalo Green

Pigment Type

organic

Chemical Name

polychlorinated copper(II) phthalocyanine

Chemical Formula

C32H3Cl13CuN8 to C32HCl15CuN8 or C32H16CuN8Cl15 (PG7) or C32Br6Cl10CuN8 (PG36)

Properties

Phthalo Green is a transparent, cool, bright, high intensity color used in oil and acrylics. It comes from a Phthalocyanine Blue pigment where most of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced with chlorine, forming highly stable molecules.  It has similar pigment properties and permanence to Phthalo Blue. It is slow drying and an excellent base color for mixing a range of bright greens. Phthalo Green is considered a very good alternative to Viridian because it is intense and mixes well and can be used to emphasize mineral colors in various tints. However, its tinting strength is very high, so it can overpower other colors.  This pigment most closely resembles the discontinued and toxic Verdigris.

Permanence

Phthalo Greens are completely lightfast and resistant to alkali, acids, solvents, heat, and ultraviolet radiation. They are currently used in inks, coatings, and many plastics due to their stability and are considered a standard pigment in printing ink and the packaging industry.

Toxicity

Phthalo Green has no significant hazards, but it contained PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) until 1982.

History

This bright blue-green was developed in 1935 and has been in use since 1938.


Pigment Name

PY35:1-Cadmium-Barium Yellow

Pigment Type

inorganic

Chemical Name

cadmium zinc lithopone

Chemical Formula

CdSZn + BaSO4

Properties

Cadmium Yellow is brilliant, dense, and opaque, with good tinting strength and very high hiding power. It is the artist’s principal bright yellow and is available in light, medium, and dark shades. The deeper shades appear deep orange and have the greatest tinting strength. It is slow-drying in oil form and is used in both oil and watercolor form. It cannot be mixed with copper-based pigments. A clean Cadmium Orange is created when Cadmium Yellow is mixed with Cadmium Red. Hues vary by brand. Cadmium pigments have been partially replaced by azo pigments, which are similar in lightfastness to the cadmium colors, cheaper, and non-toxic. Cadmium Yellow PY35:1 shares the properties of Cadmium Yellow PY35, except that it has lower tinting strength.

Permanence

Cadmium zinc lithopone has excellent lightfastness. It shares the permanence of pure cadmium zinc sulfide (Cadmium Yellow PY35). All cadmium pigments have limited weather resistance, and are unsuitable for outdoor applications.

Toxicity

Cadmium Yellow is a known human carcinogen. It is extremely toxic if inhaled and slightly toxic if ingested. Barium sulfate is extremely insoluble in water, and thus is not biologically active. It is used medically as a contrast medium in radiological pro

History

Cadmium Yellow PY35:1 is cadmium yellow pigment that contains 15% or more barium sulfate. It is used to create a less expensive alternative to PY35.


Pigment Name

PY3-Hansa Yellow 10G

Pigment Type

organic, monoazo

Chemical Formula

C16H12CL2N4O2

Properties

This Hansa yellow is a transparent yellow. It has great brightness and tinting strength and its drying time ranges from average to slow. Hansa Yellow makes more intense tints and cleaner secondaries than Cadmium Yellows, especially when mixed with other organic or modern colors like Phthalo Blue and Green. Because they are more transparent, they have great value as glazing colors.

Permanence

This Hansa Yellow has fair to good permanence, particularly in the lighter shades.

Toxicity

Hansa Yellow has no significant acute hazards, though its chronic hazards have not been well studied.

History

Hansa Yellows were first made in Germany just before WW1 from a series of synthetic dyestuffs called Pigment Yellow. They were intended to be a synthetic replacement for Cadmium Yellow.


Safety Data Sheet