Great American Handmade Pastel - SOM Nina 3, 855.3

Item #:21925-8903
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Som Nina 3
Som Nina 3

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Product Details

Color:
SOM Nina 3
No.
855.3

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PY34-Chrome Yellow

PW18-Calcium Carbonate

PR210-Naphthol Red Medium


Pigment Name

PY34-Chrome Yellow

Pigment Type

Chemical Name

lead(II)-chromate

Chemical Formula

PbCrO4

Properties

Chrome Yellow is a relatively inexpensive pigment with excellent covering power. It has only fair to poor chemical stability, although modern varieties of this pigment are photochemically stabilized. This pigment is quick drying in oil. Darker shades of Chrome Yellow have been known to brown over time and blacken when in contact with sulfur bearing air. A green color sometimes results when it is mixed with organic pigments. Cadmium Yellow has been considered a suitable replacement for Chrome Yellow for over 160 years.

Permanence

Chrome Yellow is more permanent in darker shades than lighter ones, and it is more permanent in oil than watercolor. Its lightfastness ranges from fair to poor. Overall, it is not suitable for permanent painting.

Toxicity

Chrome Yellow is a known human carcinogen. It is extremely toxic if inhaled and highly toxic when ingested or put in contact with skin. Evidence of Chromium(III) carcinogenicity is inconclusive. Chromium(III) salts appear in greenish pigments. Chromium(VI

History

In 1797, the Parisian chemist Louis Nicholas Vauquelin isolated natural lead chromite (chrocoite). Its name came from the Greek word khroma, meaning color, because of the range of hues that could be derived from it. The use of chrome colors was limited until a substantial supply of chrome ore was found in North America, allowing large scale production.


Pigment Name

PW18-Calcium Carbonate

Pigment Type

inorganic

Chemical Name

calcium carbonate

Chemical Formula

CaCO3

Properties

Calcium carbonate, the mineral constituent of chalk, is a low tinting strength, inexpensive white pigment that is often used is a buffer and filler. Because of its low tinting strength, it is overwhelmed by other colors. It is used in gesso and other coatings to give the surface more tooth, a desirable characteristic for some painting techniques.

Permanence

Calcium carbonate is lightfast. Like all carbonates, it reacts with strong acids

Toxicity

Calcium carbonate is completely non-toxic, and is used in many food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical products. However, excessive consumption is not recommended. 

History

Naturally occuring chalk deposits have been mined since prehistoric times. Rocks and minerals that contain calcium carbonate include aragonite, calcite, vaterite, chalk, limestone. marble, and travertine. Calcium carbonate is the principle component of lime, used in many agricultural and industrial applications.


Pigment Name

PR210-Naphthol Red Medium

Pigment Type

organic, naphthol AS

Chemical Formula

Properties

Pigment PR210 is a semi-transparent, bluish red pigment.

Permanence

Pigment PR210 has very good lightfastness, but its performance is considered inferior to PR170, another naphthol red.

Toxicity

Naphthol Reds are not considered toxic. They may cause eye, skin, or respiratory irritation. Contact with dry pigment should be avoided.

History

Pigment PR210 is used primarily in inks and waterbased paints.


Safety Data Sheet