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Unmatched in their softness and consistency, Schmincke soft pastels were created using the finest artist's pigments and a minimum of binders. Pastel softness permits beautiful dense application, and high pigment concentration results in intense colors.
Color Swatches created using heavy to light application and were applied on 100 lb (163 gsm) drawing paper material.
Perinone Orange is a strong, clean, reddish orange pigment classified as a vat pigment. It has an average drying time.
Perinone Orange has excellent lightfastness and weatherfastness.
Perinone Orange is not considered toxic.
Perinone orange is often used in plastics and vinyls, automotive finishes, and printing inks. Its high cost limits its application to products for which superior lightfastness and weather resistance is essential. In textiles, it is used in synthetic fabrics that must survive in harsh conditions, such as tents and awnings.
Isoindoline Orange 61 is an opaque, yellowish orange pigment with moderate tinting strength.
Isoindoline Orange 61 has very good lightfastness, although not as good as yellow pigments in the isoindoline group.
Isoindoline Orange 61 is not considered toxic.
The first isoindoline pigments were patented in 1946, and commercial production of pigments in this group began in the 1960s. Because of its high heat stability and relatively good lightfastness, PO61 is used in plastics, automotive finishes, and for printing inks. PO61 is often compared with PO13, which has higher tinting strength, but is not as lightfast.
Titanium White is the most brilliant of the white pigments. It is considered an all purpose oil color useful in all techniques and the best all around white. Its masstone is neither warm nor cool, placing it somewhere between Lead White and Zinc White. It is less prone to cracking and yellowing than Lead White, but it still yellows easily. Titanium White dries slowly in oil form, more slowly than Lead White but more quickly than Zinc White. It is opaque in oil and acrylic forms and semi-opaque in watercolor form. This pigment has good chemical stability, and its tinting strength is superior to both Lead White and Zinc White.
Titanium White has excellent permanence and lightfastness.
Titanium dioxide is highly stable and is regarded as completely non-toxic. Animal studies give no indiciation that it is absorbed biologically, even after long periods of exposure. The primary safety concern is with inhalation of fine pigment dust particles. Titanium White, if inhaled in large amounts over the course of several years, may cause a benign pneumoconiosis that is visible on x-rays. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) considers fine titanium dioxide particles, if inhaled, to be a human carcinogen. The primary concern for artists is to avoid exposure to fine particulate dust from raw pigments.
Titanium is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, however mineral deposits that are economical to mine are less common. Titanium dioxide was first discovered in 1821, although it could not be mass produced until 1919. Widespread use of the pigment began in the 1940s. Since that time, it has become the most commonly used white pigment. The name comes from the Latin word Titan, the name for the elder brother of Kronos and ancestor of the Titans, and from the Greek word tito, meaning day or sun.
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Dick Blick Art Materials · P.O. Box 1267 · Galesburg, IL 61402-1267 · Toll-free Phone (800) 828-4548 International Phone +1-309-343-6181 ext. 5402 · Fax (800) 621-8293
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