Rembrandt Soft Pastel - Carmine 318.3, Full Stick

Item #:20026-3131
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Carmine
Carmine

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AP Non-Toxic.

Products bearing the AP seal of the Art & Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (ACMI) are certified non-toxic. A product can be certified non-toxic only if it contains no materials in sufficient quantities to be toxic or injurious to humans, or to cause acute or chronic health problems.

Product Details

Description:
Full Stick
Color:
Carmine 318.3
Mfg #:
31993183
No.
318.3

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PR254-Pyrrole Red

PR176-Benzimidazolone Carmine


Pigment Name

PR254-Pyrrole Red

Pigment Type

organic, aminoketone

Chemical Name

Bis-(p-chrolopheny)-1. 4-diketopyrrolo(3. 4-c)pyrrole

Chemical Formula

Properties

Pyrrole Red is opaque and has strong covering power. According to manufacturer Ciba, which uses the trade name Irgazin Red, it is a “clean, highly saturated mid shade red with high temperature resistance, excellent color strength, outstanding chemical, solvent and bleed resistance, and good weatherfastness.”

Permanence

Pyrrole Red is considered to have excellent lightfastness among organic pigments in its class. Tests in industrial applications have given it scores of 7-8 on the Blue Wool Scale.

Toxicity

According to the Australian government's Ministry on Health and Aging, "The notified chemical exhibited low oral and dermal toxicity in rats, did not exhibit toxic effects when administered orally to rats for 28 days, was not a skin irritant in rabbi

History

Pyrrole Red, used as an automotive paint and as a colorant in plastics, was developed as one of a range of pigments to replace lead based pigments. In art materials, it is often used as a synthetic and lightfast replacement for carmine, a laked pigment that was originally produced from the body of the cochineal insect. It is also used to replace the older naphthol reds, organic red pigments that are sometimes only marginally lightfast and weatherfast.


Pigment Name

PR176-Benzimidazolone Carmine

Pigment Type

organic, azo

Chemical Formula

C32H24N6O5

Properties

Benzimidazolone Carmine is a staining, dull red transparent pigment with high tinting strength. Its color is similar to, although somewhat darker than, Rose Madder, the natural source of the historic color Alizarin Crimson. Because it stains and tints much more strongly than natural Rose Madder, care is required to achieve the same effects.

Permanence

Although it is not absolutely lightfast, Benzimidazolone Carmine has excellent lightfastness for a transparent red organic pigment, and as a result, it is often chosen as a more permanent pigment to replace Alizarin Crimson.

Toxicity

Benzimidazolone Carmine is not considered toxic.

History

The benzimidazolone group of pigments was developed and patented in 1960 by Hoechst A.G., a German chemical manufacturer that was a forerunner of the pharmaceutical company Aventis. They differ very widely in hue.


Safety Data Sheet

UPC Code: 8712079019884

ASIN #: B00A6WH3RA