Old Holland Classic Oil Color - , 225 ml tube

Item #:02131-3155
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Carmine Lake Extra
Carmine Lake Extra

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Product Details

Color:
Carmine Lake Extra
Size:
225 ml
No.
160

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PBr33-Zinc Iron Chromite Brown

PR177-Anthraquinone Red

PR19-Quinacridone Red


Pigment Name

PBr33-Zinc Iron Chromite Brown

Pigment Type

inorganic

Chemical Name

zinc-iron-chromite spinel

Chemical Formula

ZnO + Fe203 + Cr2O3

Properties

Zinc Iron Chromite Brown is a dark reddish brown pigment that is opaque and staining.

Permanence

Zinc Iron Chromite Brown is exceptionally lightfast, heat resistant, weather resistant, and durable.

Toxicity

Zinc Iron Chromite Brown has not been identified as hazardous, but it is likely to contain impurities that are irritating to the skin or lungs. Pigment from natural ores may contain traces of heavy metals.

History

Because of its exceptional durability and heat resistance, Zinc Iron Chromite is used as a brown pigment in ceramics.


Pigment Name

PR177-Anthraquinone Red

Pigment Type

anthraquinone

Chemical Formula

C14H8O2

Properties

Anthraquinone Red is a magenta colored pigment that is transparent and moderately intense. It tends to fade in tints and is suitable for all media.

Permanence

Anthraquinone Red has good lightfastness and permanence in its masstone, while its tint lightfastness is moderate. Overall lightfastness and permanence varies by brand.

Toxicity

Anthraquinone Red has no significant acute toxicity.

History

Anthraquinone pigments originated as textile vat dyes before being used as pigments. They became more popular with artists once it was discovered that careful preparation and grinding helped them to retain brilliance of color.


Pigment Name

PR19-Quinacridone Red

Pigment Type

organic, quinacridone

Chemical Formula

C20H12N2O2

Properties

Quinacridone Red is a high performance, transparent pigment with an average drying time and uneven dispersal. It is another name for Quinacridone Violet (PV19) and Quinacridone Red (PR192). Quinacridone pigments have relatively low tinting strength in general. For this reason, quinacridone colors are often expensive, because more pigment is required in the formulation.

Permanence

Quinacridone Red has excellent lightfastness and is considered the most lightfast organic pigment in this shade range.

Toxicity

Quinacridone Violet has no known acute hazards. Overexposure to quinacridone pigments may cause skin irritation. Quinicridone pigments contain a compound found to be a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant.

History

Although quinacridone compounds became known in the late 19th century, methods of manufacturing so as to make them practical for use as commercial pigments did not begin until the 1950s. Quinacridone pigments were first developed as coatings for the automotive industry, but were quickly adopted by artists.


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