This color contains the following pigments:
Anthraquinone Red is a magenta colored pigment that is transparent and moderately intense. It tends to fade in tints and is suitable for all media.
Anthraquinone Red has good lightfastness and permanence in its masstone, while its tint lightfastness is moderate. Overall lightfastness and permanence varies by brand.
Anthraquinone Red has no significant acute toxicity.
Anthraquinone pigments originated as textile vat dyes before being used as pigments. They became more popular with artists once it was discovered that careful preparation and grinding helped them to retain brilliance of color.
Dioxazine Violet is transparent and has very high tinting strength. It is a staining pigment, very dark valued when it is used at full strength. Concentrated, it paints out nearly black, but it mixes with Titanium White to form bright, opaque tints of purple. PV23 produces slightly redder shades than PV37. Because the hue can vary with the conditions of preparation and grinding, it may be offered in red shade, blue shade, and so forth.
Dioxazine Violet has good lightfastness. There may be some concern about it fading or shifting in color in tints and washes. Some artists have reported that PV37, a molecular variant, is more lightfast than PV23.
Two molecular variants of Dioxazine Violet, PV23 and PV37, are available. They have similar properties, but mix slightly differently.