This color contains the following pigments:
Quinacridone Magenta is a semi-transparent and powerful bluish red with an impressive mixing range. It makes an excellent glazing color and is one of the bluest of the Quinacridone colors. The pigment's properties vary considerably, depending on how it is ground. Quinacridone pigments have relatively low tinting strength in general. For this reason, quinacridone colors are often expensive, because more pigment is required in the formulation.
Quinacridone Magenta offers very good lightfastness in most media, but some have argued that it is less lightfast in watercolor form. Although Quinacridone Magenta received only a passing grade of "fair" under ASTM test protocols, other test results have rated the pigment very good to excellent. Transparent reddish violet pigments in general have more problems with lightfastness than any other range of colors. PR122 is often used as the Magenta of CMYK (four color) process printing because it offers a better tradeoff between tinting strength and lightfastness than other pigments in its class.
Quinacridone Magenta has no acute hazards. Overexposure to quinacridone pigments may cause skin irritation. Quinicridone pigments contain a compound found to be a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant.
Quinacridone Magenta came from a red violet aniline dye that was first produced in 1858 by Natanson. It was called Magenta to commemorate a battle in Magenta, Italy. Over time, Magenta became the standard color name for a deep, violet red. Although quinacridone compounds became known in the late 19th century, methods of manufacturing so as to make them practical for use as commercial pigments did not begin until the 1950s. PR122 has become particularly popular in the formulation of Magenta for CMYK process printing.
Benzidine Yellow GG
Pigment Yellow 17 is a somewhat greenish yellow that has very high tinting strength and good resistance to solvents.
Pigment Yellow 17 has good lightfastness if prepared using the proper procedures. Because procedures for preparing PY17 vary, artists may want to conduct their own lightfastness tests to verify that the manufacturer has selected quality pigment.
Benzidine dyes are not bioavailable. Although benzidine-based dyes can be reduced to their amine precursors in vivo, creating a compound that is carcinogenic, benzidine dyes are believed to be so insoluble in water that they are unlikely to be absorbed in
This Benzidine Yellow dye was first reported by Esitelty in 1949. Initiailly, it was reported to be less lightfast than yellow monoazo pigments, which limited its usefulness. A method for making Pigment Yellow 17 more permanent was patented in 1972 (United States Patent 3785843), and the improved dye became known as Permanent Yellow. Permanent Yellow 17 is widely used in printing inks, textile dyes, paints, plastics, and coatings.