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Grumbacher Finest Artists' Watercolor - Permanent Alizarin, 14 ml tube

Item #:01724-3380
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Permanent Alizarin
Permanent Alizarin

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AP Non-Toxic.

Products bearing the AP seal of the Art & Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (ACMI) are certified non-toxic. A product can be certified non-toxic only if it contains no materials in sufficient quantities to be toxic or injurious to humans, or to cause acute or chronic health problems.

Product Details

Permanent Alizarin
Mfg #:
14 ml

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

PR48:4-Permanent Red

Pigment Name

PR48:4-Permanent Red

Pigment Type

organic, monoazo

Chemical Name

beta-oxynaphthoic acid lake, manganese salt

Chemical Formula


Permanent Red is a common name used for the manganese salt of beta-oxynaphthoic acid (BONA) lake pigment PR:48. It is more blue than other shades of PR:48, with the exception of PR48:2. BONA pigment lakes have high tinting strength.


Beta-oxynaphthoic acid (BONA) lake pigments are more lightfast than their beta-naphthol counterparts. Although their lightfastness makes them the pigment of choice in many applications, they may shift slightly in color or lose intensity under some conditions. Pigment PR48:4 is considered more  lightfast and durable than other PR48 salts.



Beta-oxynaphthoic acid may have been synthesized as early as 1887. Commerical use of BONA lake pigments began in the 20th century. Pigment PR48:4 is used in packaging and plastics. 

Safety Data Sheet

UPC Code: 014173397218

ASIN #: B00H590GIA