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Rembrandt Artists' Oil Color - Permanent Madder Brown, 40 ml tube

Item #:00417-8223
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Permanent Madder Brown
Permanent Madder Brown

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AP Non-Toxic.

Product Details

Color:
Permanent Madder Brown
Size:
40 ml
No.
324

Pigment Information

This color contains the following pigments:

Red Iron Oxide

Quinacridone Violet

Pyrrole Rubine


Pigment Name

Red Iron Oxide

Pigment Type

earth, synthetic

Chemical Name

iron oxides (synthetic), iron oxide, silica, alumina, lime, and magnesia or hydrated iron oxide

Chemical Formula

Fe2O2 or Fe2O3 • H2O

Properties

Red iron oxide varies in hue and transparency, depending on hydration and slight impurities. Indian Red is a slightly duller, deep brick hue with a bluish undertone. It is very dense and opaque, with excellent tinting strength and covering power. It is dependable when mixing with all other permanent pigments and yields good flesh tints when mixed with Zinc White. It is the synthetic version of PR102, which is a pigment made from earth reds, or natural red iron oxides, and the names applied to PR101 and PR102 often overlap. The synthetic red iron oxides have mostly replaced natural red iron oxides and are brighter, stronger, finer, and more permanent. Indian Red is the highest grade bluish shade. Light Red, English Red, and Venetian Red are yellowish shades. Mars Violet is a dull and subdued bluish or purplish oxide.

Permanence

Red iron oxide is very lightfast with excellent permanence.

Toxicity

Red iron oxide has no significant hazards.

History

Natural red iron oxide comes from the mineral ore hematite, called bloodstone by the ancient Greeks from the word hema, meaning blood. It is one of the oldest pigments, has been used by every major civilization, and was an important mineral for medieval alchemists. It was not widely used in artists' materials until the 17th century and was not produced in large quantities until the 18th century.


Pigment Name

Quinacridone Violet

Pigment Type

organic synthetic, quinacridone

Chemical Formula

C20H12N2O2

Properties

Quinacridone Red is a high performance, transparent pigment with an average drying time and uneven dispersal. It is another name for Quinacridone Violet (PV19) and Quinacridone Red (PR192). Quinacridone pigments have relatively low tinting strength in general. For this reason, quinacridone colors are often expensive, because more pigment is required in the formulation.

Permanence

Quinacridone Violet has excellent lightfastness and is considered the most lightfast organic pigment in this shade range.

Toxicity

Quinacridone Violet has no known acute hazards. Overexposure to quinacridone pigments may cause skin irritation. Quinicridone pigments contain a compound found to be a skin, eye, and respiratory irritant.

History

Although quinacridone compounds became known in the late 19th century, methods of manufacturing so as to make them practical for use as commercial pigments did not begin until the 1950s. Quinacridone pigments were first developed as coatings for the automotive industry, but were quickly adopted by artists.


Pigment Name

Pyrrole Rubine

Pigment Type

organic, aminoanthroquinone

Chemical Name

1,4-diketo-3,6-di(4'-tertiary butyl phenyl)-2,5-dihydro pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole

Chemical Formula

Properties

This bluish red transparent pigment has high tinting strength. Diketo pyrrolo pyrrole pigments are noteworthy for their light stability, excellent weatherability, and outstanding heat stability.

Permanence

Pyrrole Rubine has excellent permanence and lightfastness for an organic pigment in its color range.

Toxicity

Pyrrole pigments are considered to be non-toxic.

History

The Pyrrole group of synthetic organic pigments was developed in the 1980s. Pyrrole Rubine was first manufactured by Ciba Specialty Chemicals under the trade name Irgazine Ruby. Although not a perfect match for alizarin crimson, Pyrrole Rubine is one of several new pigments that has helped to close a traditional gap in the gamut of artist pigments, the lack of lightfast and transparent colors in the red/blue and red/violet parts of the spectrum.


Safety Data Sheet

UPC Code: 8712079058838

ASIN #: B0014ZR1QG