Formulated with the help of expert watercolor artists, these unique paints mirror the strong, vivid colors of nature. They're created by mixing the finest pigments from around the world with other components at the golden ratio.
Color Swatch created using heavy application/diluted application and was applied on cold press watercolor paper (150 lb) material.
This Hansa Yellow ranges from reddish yellow to greenish yellow with temperature shifts from cool to warm hues. It has good tinting strength and average to slow drying time.
This Hansa Yellow has excellent lightfastness, particularly in the darker shades.
Hansa Yellow has no significant acute hazards, though its chronic hazards have not been well studied.
Hansa Yellows were first made in Germany just before WW1 from a series of synthetic dyestuffs called Pigment Yellow. They were intended to be a synthetic replacement for Cadmium Yellow.
Arylide, Arylide Yellow, Azo, Brilliant Yellow, Monoazo, Monolite Yellow, Permanent Yellow.
Benzidine Yellow GG
Pigment Yellow 17 is a somewhat greenish yellow that has very high tinting strength and good resistance to solvents.
Pigment Yellow 17 has good lightfastness if prepared using the proper procedures. Because procedures for preparing PY17 vary, artists may want to conduct their own lightfastness tests to verify that the manufacturer has selected quality pigment.
Benzidine dyes are not bioavailable. Although benzidine-based dyes can be reduced to their amine precursors in vivo, creating a compound that is carcinogenic, benzidine dyes are believed to be so insoluble in water that they are unlikely to be absorbed in a quantity sufficient to be carcinogenic.
This Benzidine Yellow dye was first reported by Esitelty in 1949. Initiailly, it was reported to be less lightfast than yellow monoazo pigments, which limited its usefulness. A method for making Pigment Yellow 17 more permanent was patented in 1972 (United States Patent 3785843), and the improved dye became known as Permanent Yellow. Permanent Yellow 17 is widely used in printing inks, textile dyes, paints, plastics, and coatings.
Benzidine Yellow GG, Diarylide Yellow 17
Titanium White is the most brilliant of the white pigments. It is considered an all purpose oil color useful in all techniques and the best all around white. Its masstone is neither warm nor cool, placing it somewhere between Lead White and Zinc White. It is less prone to cracking and yellowing than Lead White, but it still yellows easily. Titanium White dries slowly in oil form, more slowly than Lead White but more quickly than Zinc White. It is opaque in oil and acrylic forms and semi-opaque in watercolor form. This pigment has good chemical stability, and its tinting strength is superior to both Lead White and Zinc White.
Titanium White has excellent permanence and lightfastness.
Titanium dioxide is highly stable and is regarded as completely non-toxic. Animal studies give no indiciation that it is absorbed biologically, even after long periods of exposure. The primary safety concern is with inhalation of fine pigment dust particles. Titanium White, if inhaled in large amounts over the course of several years, may cause a benign pneumoconiosis that is visible on x-rays. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) considers fine titanium dioxide particles, if inhaled, to be a human carcinogen. The primary concern for artists is to avoid exposure to fine particulate dust from raw pigments.
Titanium is the ninth most abundant element in the Earth's crust, however mineral deposits that are economical to mine are less common. Titanium dioxide was first discovered in 1821, although it could not be mass produced until 1919. Widespread use of the pigment began in the 1940s. Since that time, it has become the most commonly used white pigment. The name comes from the Latin word Titan, the name for the elder brother of Kronos and ancestor of the Titans, and from the Greek word tito, meaning day or sun.
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