Premium pigments sourced from around the world are combined with a highly refined medium to produce this superior professional quality watercolor. ShinHan features clear color tones, exceptional brightness and transparency, and superior light stability.
Color Swatch created using heavy application/diluted application and was applied on cold press watercolor paper (150 lb) material.
iron oxides (synthetic), iron oxide, silica, alumina, lime, and magnesia or hydrated iron oxide
Fe2O2 or Fe2O3 • H2O
Red iron oxide varies in hue and transparency, depending on hydration and slight impurities. Indian Red is a slightly duller, deep brick hue with a bluish undertone. It is very dense and opaque, with excellent tinting strength and covering power. It is dependable when mixing with all other permanent pigments and yields good flesh tints when mixed with Zinc White. It is the synthetic version of PR102, which is a pigment made from earth reds, or natural red iron oxides, and the names applied to PR101 and PR102 often overlap. The synthetic red iron oxides have mostly replaced natural red iron oxides and are brighter, stronger, finer, and more permanent. Indian Red is the highest grade bluish shade. Light Red, English Red, and Venetian Red are yellowish shades. Mars Violet is a dull and subdued bluish or purplish oxide.
Red iron oxide is very lightfast with excellent permanence.
Red iron oxide has no significant hazards.
Natural red iron oxide comes from the mineral ore hematite, called bloodstone by the ancient Greeks from the word hema, meaning blood. It is one of the oldest pigments, has been used by every major civilization, and was an important mineral for medieval alchemists. It was not widely used in artists' materials until the 17th century and was not produced in large quantities until the 18th century.
Indian Red, Colcothar, English Red, Light Red, Mars Red, Mars Violet, Morelle Salt, Pompeian Red, Indian Red, Red Oxide, Sinopia, Spanish Red, Terra Rosa, Tuscan Red, Venetian Red, Venice Red.
organic, monoazo benzimidazolone
Benzimidazolone Brown is a transparent brown pigment that is heavily staining and dark valued but has moderately low tinting strength. According to its manufacturer Clariant, “It is a dark brown, very transparent benzimidazolone pigment with excellent light, weather, and solvent fastness properties plus high heat stability. Recommended for paste inks, solvent and water based packaging gravure, and flexographic printing inks.” Benzimidazolone Brown has been used in watercolor painting, where transparent brown colors have traditionally been mixed from other pigments.
Benzimidazolone Brown has excellent lightfastness and weather resistance.
Benzimidazolone pigments were developed and patented by Hoechst in 1960, and have gradually come into use as artist pigments.
Renol Brown, Viscofil Brown, Microdis Brown, Hostaperm Brown HFR.
™ ShinHan is a trademark.