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It is available in more than 90 brilliant matte colors for a wide choice in sensitive graphic reproduction or fine art painting techniques. Its characteristics include covering power, opacity, and high tinting strength with fine flowing texture.
Color Swatches created using full strength/50/50 and were applied on cold press Bristol board (2 ply) material.
1-, 2-dihydroxyanthraquinone lake
Alizarin Crimson, the traditional cool counterpart to Cadmium Red, is a clear ruby-red with a maroon masstone and a bluish undertone. It is the artist's principal deep red pigment, is transparent, and has good tinting strength. It creates bright rosy pinks when mixed with white, a range of purples and violets when mixed with strong blues, can be slow drying when used with oils, and is compatible with all other pigments. Permanent Alizarin Crimson mixes well with Ultramarine in acrylic and watercolor form. Permanent Rose and Quinacridone Rose are possible alternatives on a watercolor palette. Alizarin Crimson is a popular glazing color.
Alizarin Crimson is considered fugitive or marginally lightfast, and the appropriateness of its use in the modern artist palette is a subject of debate. There are many concerns regarding its permanence, particularly when mixed with ochre, sienna, and umber, or when used thinly. It is the least permanent red commonly used by today’s artists. Modern synthetic preparations of Alizarin Crimson have better permanence and lightfastness that the original natural pigment, which was extracted from the madder plant. Quinacridone pigments have been used to create a modern hue that closely matches the original hue, but many artists object that the transparency and handling characteristics are not the same as for the original.
Alizarin Crimson can be slightly toxic if it comes into contact with skin and may cause some allergies. There is no significant acute toxicity.
The word alizarin comes from the Arabic word al-usara, meaning juice. The base ingredient of this pigment is the Madder plant (Rubia Tinctorum). It was used for dyes and inks among craftsmen in Ancient Persia, India, and Egypt as early as 1500 BC In 1804, George Field, an English dye maker, developed Madder Lake by binding madder to alum, a white powder. The German chemists Carl Grabe and Carl Liebermann produced the first synthetic variety of this pigment, most commonly known as Alizarin Crimson, in 1868. They used anthracene, which greatly improved the lightfastness. The Colour Index International designation PR83:1 has been used to identify this synthetic laked pigment.
Alizarin, Alizarin Carmine, Crimson Madder, Madder Lake. Rose Madder is a weak grade of Alizarin Crimson.
Rhodamine B Violet is a flourescent dye that can be laked to form a semitransparent pigment.
Rhodamine B Violet is not considered permanent. All flourescent dyes fade with exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet light.
Rhodamine B Violet is used as a brightener.
Pink Lake, Red Lake, Basic Violet 10
organic, fluorone dye
Rhodamine B is a staining violet dye that has flourescent properties. It is extremely soluble in both water and alcohol. In art materials, it is laked as a pigment.
Rhodamine B, like all fluorescent dyes, is not considered to be lightfast. It is recommended for permanent works of art only if they can be adequately protected from exposure to ultraviolet light.
The fluorescent dye Rhodamine B is toxic, and its use is banned in food, textiles, and cosmetics. It is harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin. It has been shown to be carcinogenic in rats when injected subcutaneously, producing local sarcomas. However, when it is laked as a pigment it can be biologically inactive and hence non-toxic. With proper preparation, the pigment Rhodamine B Lake is considered harmless, even if ingested.
Rhodamine B, discovered in 1887, is used as a staining fluorescent dye in the biological sciences, for microscopy. It is also used as a laser dye. Because of its low cost, high tinting strength, solubility in water and alcohol, and relative stability for a fluorescent, it has sometimes been used as a food colorant, even though its use in food and cosmetics has been banned in most countries for many years. There have been several highly publicized recalls of food and cosmetic products contaminated with Rhodamine B.
Basic Violet 10, C.I. 45170, Rhodamine 610
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