All color making is done by hand, and processes are controlled by artists. Pigments are ground in stone rather than metal rollers.
Color Swatch created using heavy application/diluted application and was applied on cold press watercolor paper (150 lb) material.
Zinc White is the coolest white, and it has a cold, clean masstone and a slightly bluish tint. It has less hiding power and is more transparent than other whites. It dries slowly and is good for painting wet into wet and for glazing and scumbling. Zinc White is neither as opaque nor as heavy as Lead White, its covering power is not as good, and it takes much longer to dry. However, it does not blacken when exposed to sulfur in the air as Lead White does. It is very valuable for making tints with other colors. Unmixed Zinc White dries to a brittle and dry paint film that may crack over the years, so it is not good for frescoing. It is more transparent in acrylic form than Titanium White and is the most commonly used white with gouache. Chinese White is a version of Zinc White appropriate for opaque watercolor techniques.
Zinc White has great permanence and lightfastness.
Zinc White is moderately toxic if ingested and slightly toxic if inhaled.
Though historians are divided on who first isolated the element zinc, they agree that it was first suggested as a white pigment in 1782. Zinc White was accepted as a watercolor in 1834 and was called Chinese White due to the popularity of oriental porcelain in Europe at the time. Ten years later, a suitable oil form was produced. By the early 20th century, it had improved to the point where it was an acceptable alternative to Flake White.
Chinese White, French White, Permanent White, Silver White, Snow White, Zinc Oxide.
Pigment PY120 is semi-transparent and staining. It is fast drying.
Pigment PY120 is considered to be less lightfast than other benzimidazolone pigments.
Pigment PY120, because of its dispersion characteristics and fast drying time, has been used in inkjet printer inks.
organic, disazo condensation
Pigment PR214 is a semi-opaque dark reddish pigment with moderate tinting strength.
Pigment PR214 has very good lightfastness for an organic red pigment.
Pigment PR214 is not considered toxic.
The disazo condensation pigments are a related group of disazo pigments that range from yellow to reddish brown. A technique for producing disazo condensation pigments was developed by CIBA in 1951.
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